If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information. Structured data. Captions English Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Variously dated by scholars to have been composed between BCE to about BCE, these texts are in Sanskrit language and embedded within a layer of the Vedas.
They contain a mixture of philosophy and mystical speculations, many set in the form of dialogues or pedagogic style. Their central teachings include the concepts of Atman soul, self and Brahman metaphysical reality. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
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See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: asceticism: Forms of religious asceticism. History at your fingertips. State University of New York Press. Hindu Mythology. New Delhi: D. Printworld P Limited. Stuart-Fox Hinduism topics. Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka. Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. Category Portal.
Related Images. YouTube Videos. Brahma with his wife, Saraswati. The 10th century artwork from Bihar showing the trinity of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. Goddess Durga and a pantheon of other gods and goddesses being worshipped during Durga Puja Festival in Kolkata. This image was taken in Block - G. Goddess Lakshmi holding and standing on a lotus. Vahana denotes the being, typically an animal or mythical entity, a particular Hindu deity is said to use as a vehicle.
In this capacity, the vahana is often called the deity's "mount". A Bhagavata Purana manuscript page depicting the story of Atri and Anasuya meeting the Trimurti riding on their respective vahanas. PhP 4. Paper, late 18th century, Jaipur. The hamsa is an aquatic bird of passage, such as a goose or a swan. Its icon is used in Indian and Southeast Asian culture as a spiritual symbol and a decorative element.
A bird probably a goose reliquary , found in Taxila , Gandhara 1st century CE. This was found inside a granite bowl, with a gold sheet inscription now lost. Scholars state the lost inscription read "a relic of the Buddha was placed in the goose reliquary for the benefit of Sira's parents in a future existence". Now at the British Museum. She is a part of the trinity of Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati.
Saraswati idol carved of black stone from Chalukya dynasty 12 century CE. Idol on display in Prince of Wales Museum , Mumbai. Saraswati goddess is found in temples of Southeast Asia, islands of Indonesia and Japan.
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In Japan , she is known as Benzaiten shown. She is depicted with a musical instrument in Japan, and is a deity of knowledge, music, and everything that flows. Saraswati Statue in Dhaka University. Sarasvati temple at Koothanur in Tamil Nadu. Daksha was angry with Inter galactic traveller Narada, just because he taught good things to his sons. Narada travels o different galaxies with his thought power. Daksha criticizing Rudra for insulting him in the Satrayaga.
Shiva carrying the corpse of his consort Sati. The Vedas are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari. The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the Atharvaveda.
Ganesha is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. Temple wall panel relief sculpture at the Hoysaleswara temple in Halebidu , representing the Trimurti : Brahma , Shiva and Vishnu. Vishnu is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being or absolute truth in its Vaishnavism tradition. Vishnu is the "preserver" in the Hindu triad that includes Brahma and Shiva.
Made of Bronze, statue is from 11th century and currently on display at the National Museum of Cambodia. The Bhagavata Purana is centered around Krishna , a Vishnu avatar. Shiva also known as Mahadeva is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the supreme being within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.
Statue of Shiva in the lotus position at Murudeshwar. A sculpture of Shiva at the Elephanta Caves. Seal discovered during excavation of the Indus Valley archaeological site in the Indus Valley has drawn attention as a possible representation of a "yogi" or "proto-Shiva" figure. He is also the guardian deity of the southeast direction, and is typically found in southeast corners of Hindu temples. Agni with an aura of flames, seated on ram. Agni fire is a part of major rites-of-passage rituals such as weddings and cremation in Indian religions.
Indra is a Vedic deity in Hinduism, a guardian deity in Buddhism, and the king of the highest heaven called Saudharmakalpa in Jainism. Painting of Indra on his elephant mount, Airavata. Image: Close view of sculpture round doorway at rightside of verandah of the small Buddhist Vihara, Bhaja Caves, a photo by Henry Cousens.
Vishwakarma statue in temple, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh , India. Vishwakarma Temple at Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Some ancient Greek sources note Orpheus' Thracian origins. According to Tzeztes, his home was the Odrysian city of Bisaltia. Roman Orpheus mosaic , a very common subject. He wears a Phrygian cap and is surrounded by the animals charmed by lyre -playing.
Orpheus left, with lyre among the Thracians, from an Attic red-figure bell-krater c. Dionysus is the god of the grape-harvest, winemaking and wine, of fertility, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and theatre in ancient Greek religion and myth. Cardinal Richelieu , Louvre. Dionysus extending a drinking cup kantharos late 6th century BC.
Ancient Roman relief in the Museo Archeologico Naples depicting Dionysus holding a thyrsus and receiving a libation, wearing an ivy wreath, and attended by a panther. Satyr giving a grapevine to Bacchus as a child; cameo glass , first half of the 1st century AD; from Italy.
Deva means "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence", and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism. Deva is a masculine term; the feminine equivalent is Devi. Devas are benevolent supernatural beings in the Vedic era literature, with Indra above as their leader. The above gilt copper statue of Indra with inlaid semi-precious stones is from 16th-century Nepal.
Bas-relief of a devi in Angkor Wat , Cambodia. Vishnu above is one of the Vedic Devas. The third Valli of the Katha Upanishad discusses ethical duties of man through the parable of the chariot as a means to realize the state of Vishnu, one with Self-knowledge. The male Lokapala devas, the guardians of the directions , on the wall of Shiva temple, Prambanan Java, Indonesia. Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra. Krishna and Arjuna at Kurukshetra , 18th—19th-century painting.
The Bhagavad Gita, often referred to as the Gita, is a verse Sanskrit scripture that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. Krishna and Arjuna at Kurukshetra , c. The Bhagavad Gita is a discourse between Krishna and Arjuna set in a chariot at the start of the Mahabharata war. A 19th-century Sanskrit manuscript of the Bhagavad Gita, Devanagari script.
The thematic story of Arjuna and Krishna at the Kurushetra war became popular in southeast Asia as Hinduism spread there in the 1st-millennium CE. Above, an Arjuna-Krishna chariot scene in Jakarta center, Indonesia. Krishna is a major deity in Hinduism. He is worshipped as the eighth avatar of the god Vishnu and also by some as the supreme God in his own right.
Krishna with cows, herdsmen, and Gopi s. Krishna is celebrated in the Vaishnava tradition in various stages of his life, such as Maakhan chor butter thief. Historic Sanskrit manuscripts: a religious text top , and a medical text. Asuras are a class of divine beings or power-seeking deities related to the more benevolent Devas in Hinduism. They battle constantly with the devas. Image: Awatoceanofmilk 01 color corrected. The Rigveda is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.
It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas. Rigveda manuscript page, Mandala 1, Hymn 1 Sukta 1 , lines 1. Devi sukta, which highlights the goddess tradition of Hinduism is found in Rigveda hymns It is cited in Devi Mahatmya and is recited every year during the Durga Puja festival. The hymn Its recitation continues to be a part of Hindu wedding rituals. He is found in the oldest layer of Vedic literature of Hinduism, such as hymn 7. Varuna iconography at the 11th-century Rajarani Hindu temple. Varuna with Varunani.
Statue carved out of basalt , dates back to 8th century CE, discovered in Karnataka. On display at the Prince of Wales museum , Mumbai. Varuna himself arose from the depth of the ocean and begged Rama for forgiveness.
The word Puranas literally means "ancient, old", and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore. The Puranas include cosmos creation myths such as the Samudra Manthan churning of the ocean.http://bonguar.wecan-group.com/7494-hotel-cortijo.php
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It is represented in the Angkor Wat temple complex of Cambodia , and at Bangkok airport, Thailand above. The mythology in the Puranas has inspired many relief s and sculptures found in Hindu temple s. The legend behind the Krishna and Gopis relief above is described in the Bhagavata Purana. Bharat plays with lion cubs Painting by Raja Ravi Varma. King Bharata saving a just born deer cub from the banks of a river. Watercolour painting on paper of Kapila, a sage. King Amshuman and the yogic sage Kapila.
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