In this randomized placebo PLC -controlled, between-group, pharmacofunctional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI study involving healthy volunteers 96 heterosexual couples , we intranasally administered 24 IU of the hypothalamic peptide oxytocin OXT to either the man or the woman.
Subsequently, we scanned the subjects while they assumed that they were being touched by their romantic partners or by an unfamiliar person of the opposite sex, although in reality an identical pattern of touch was always given by the same experimenter. Our results show that intranasal OXT compared to PLC selectively enhanced the subjective pleasantness of the partner's touch.
Importantly, intranasal OXT selectively increased responses to partner touch in the nucleus accumbens NAcc and anterior cingulate cortex.
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Under OXT, NAcc activations to partner touch positively correlated with the subjects' evaluation of their relationship quality. In this important study of affect, Yousef demonstrates how our present-day understanding of intimacy in artworks and especially in psychoanalytic practice follows from Romantic-era writers like William Wordsworth, Jane Austen, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
The chief difference is that the Romantics explored unstable relationships in which one person might sympathize with another person who fails to reciprocate that feeling. In short, Yousef explores sympathy without identity.
derivid.route1.com/cuentos-de-nube-y-miel.php Such non-reciprocal relationships, often associated with feelings of disappointment, embarrassment, and frustration but also with respect and gratitude , ultimately come to bear on issues of epistemology. In this respect, feeling and knowing are intertwined. Consequently, Shaftesbury introduces the eighteenth century to a sympathetic feeling without a correspondent object, and by extension, to the impossibility of knowing with certainty that a community can hold a feeling in common.
Where a reconciling identity between parties is frustrated, especially here, Yousef finds value. At stake here is an economy of the gift Mr. She grounds this claim in psychoanalytic studies which demonstrate that a reliably present mother is required for an infant to enter its solitary and silent state just prior to falling asleep. Such additions might help us better understand our present position in the anthropocene, a world that is uncannily human yet unsympathetic.
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